Wages are shown in French francs. Source: U.S. BLS Bulletin, no. See also "C" tab above for carpenters, cement workers, etc. Source: BLS. Data is broken out byoccupation, sex and district. Source: This table provides average yearly wages per industry or trade type, including transportation, education and agriculture, among others. Taken from the 1921 U.S. Department of Agriculture Yearbook, starting on page 804. . The strike was officially called to a halt on March the 3rd 1985. Report published in 1923 gives wages for Arkansas women by occupation and race. Shows the average weekly wages of NY factory workers every month over a 14 year period. This article reprinted from a January 1923 edition of, This source quotes medians (the mid-point, with 50% falling below the line), first quartiles (25% falling below) and third quartiles (75% falling below). A Latvian immigrant and devout member of the Russian Orthodox Church of the Old Believers, Michael Simon wore this cross as he labored in Pennsylvania coal mines. Scroll forward and back to see the various cities for which average food prices are available. By the 1940s, the United Mine Workers union had established better wages and somewhat safer conditions for miners, though a contentious relationship between workers and bosses persisted. Shows by county the price of undeveloped land, plow land and farm land. See "Blood donation" in. Wages are shown in Mexican pesos. As a novice, Keeney learned the colliers trade from older craftsmenthe skills of cutting the face, setting the charges, and loading the coal without wrenching his back or crippling himself. Lists wages paid to auto mechanics, office workers, window cleaners, barbers and hairdressers, bartenders in saloons, domestic servants, people working in social agencies, and more. One threat the animals and birds could detect was the odor of gas that oozed from the ancient vegetation compacted over the ages. Email: email@example.com Shows the average daily wages of various occupations in Athens and Piraeus. Includes breakouts for adults and. Jump directly to prices for: meats and eggs, butter, cheese, milk, bread and flour, corn meal, rice, potatoes, granulated sugar, coffee and tea, onions, navy beans, prunes, raisins, canned salmon, evaporated milk, margarine, lard, oats, corn flakes, wheat cereal, macaroni, canned baked beans, canned corn, canned peas, canned tomatoes, bananas, oranges, and more. Published by the National Industrial Conference Board. Wages are shown in Greek drachmas. Shows average value for farm land and buildings from 1850-1982. He also learned not to scare the miners beloved pigeons or to be afraid of mine rats, because these creatures could sense danger coming before it struck. Source: BLS, Shows the average daily wages for various occupations in 6 different industries in Japan. A strong, skilled coal loader might fill five or more cars in a day. Wiki User. Provides foreign wage data in native currency alongside the U.S. dollar equivalent to assist in comparing the rates. Source: U.S. BLS. Wages shown in contemporary US dollars. Regardless of what their state government might or might not do to protect them, the miners of West Virginia had to rely on themselves and their buddies, rather than on company fire bosses and state mine inspectors, whose numbers were few and whose visits were infrequent. 523. See table 164 for average annual wage. A miners compulsion to load as much coal as possible was tempered by experience, however. On one hand, the miners discipline and death-defying courage made them ideal industrial soldiers; on the other hand, the qualities the men forged in underground combat with the elementsbravery, fraternal fealty, and group solidarityhardened them for aboveground combat with their employers. In the 1920s decade, 8% to 12%of peopleaged18-21enrolled incollege. Source: BLS, Shows the earnings over different times for both government employees and manual workers in Hamburg. Covers New York City, New Jersey towns, Fall River MA, Cleveland, Chicago, Dallas, San Francisco and Portland OR. Dining room furniture, silverware, dish sets. When a miner and his helper approached the entry to their room, danger lurked in almost every move they made. Wages shown in litas, and US dollars in parentheses. The miners dressed in overalls, or bank clothes, for working the coal banks and wore cloth caps fitted with small oil lamps that lit their way in the tunnels. Source: BLS, Shows the daily wages of workers in the glass factories of northern France. 297. Report published in 1923 tells wages by race and by industry. Shows prices by month and year. Source: BLS, Shows prices of dozens of food and grocery items, soap, coal, wood by the cord, matches by the box and, Shows the amount spent by a typical Canadian family on food, laundry, fuel/lighting, and rent over time. Boys younger than 12 often worked beside their fathers underground because, in many communities, it was the only paying job available. Published 1921. In 1923, there were about 883,000 coal miners; today there are about 53,000. 514. 8836. Source: U.S. Dept of Labor, Compares affordability of food and consumer goods from one year to the next and provides price. Source: Source: Canada Department of Labor report. Source: Teachers' salaries and salary trends in 1923. Coal mining jobs - Hours and earnings, 1919-1933; Coal mining wages by state, 1923 Source: Miners' wages and the cost of coal: an inquiry into the wages system., pp. About half of the surveyed penal institutions gave prisoners some compensation, based on its use as incentive toward good work and better behavior, and to provide the convict with a small way to provide for his family. ), athletic gear, boxing, baseball, & tennis supplies, Prices of articles bought by farmers, 1909-1924, Prices paid by farmers for household items, 1910-1960, Clothing prices paid by farmers, 1910-1960, Women's clothing catalog - B. Altman & Co., Summer 1920. Salary data for teachers, principals and school administrators in New York City, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Detroit, St. Louis, Chicago and Kansas City. Shows expenditures by category with prices per article and amounts needed annually for a family of five. Source: BLS, Shows the wages of a variety of occupations both in and outside of Copenhagen, Denmark. Then the men and boys would gather their tools and trudge down the mountainside to their little cabins to wash off the coal dust that smudged their faces, necks, arms, and hands, and to sit down for an evening meal. Source: Shows wages, hours and earnings for mechanics, pipe fitters, welders, tinsmiths derrick men, drillers, firemen, engineers and more. Wage rates by occupation in foreign countries (sometimes just to a certain city in the foreign country), assembled for easy comparison to U.S. wage rates for the same occupations. 467. Describes the labor policy of South Africa in the 1920's and throughout the rest of the early 20th century. Coal companies also recruited in Europe. Shows the average daily wages of workers in various industries in Riga as well as other parts of Latvia. Wages are shown in French francs. Source: Includes district-specific information and the average output of coal per person per shift. Occupations included are limited before 1916. In the words of the popular song Miners Lifeguard, written by a miner from Oak Hill, West Virginia: A miners life is like a sailors, Shows monthly wages based on the ocean routes traveled: San Francisco to points west, and New York City to points south and east. Shows the average daily wages Greek workers were receiving in metal mines, lignite mines, smelting and refining plants, and quarries. From, Earnings forveterinarians with governmentjobs, in scientific labs, in sales, or working as. Shows the daily wages of various common and low-skill occupations like building laborers, canners, and rice mill workers throughout the state. 2-4. Processing plants called breaker buildings were symbols of pride for mine communities. Government Documents Department, Ellis Library Farm laborers in Missouri earned an average $41.90/month in 1921. Shows the changes in wages of united Illinois coal miners following a labor agreement. Keep your hand upon the dollar, See list of the most common occupations for women in 1910 and 1920 (source: Census Bureau). Indicates prices per kilowatt-hour by areas and cities. Shows weekly wages for male and female workers in common industries such as textile manufacture and mining, and also more uncommon like ice cream manufacture and hospitality services. In 1900 almost 2 percent of Americans were coal miners. Eventually, his sons and grandsons also worked in the mines. A paid subscription is required for full access. HOUSING, FARMS and UTILITIES Covers elementary, junior high, and high school teachers in American cities with populations of 2,500 or more. Source:Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis. Instead of paying miners by the ton, they hired them as employees and paid an hourly wage. Source: Discusses average prices American families were paying for medical care and hospital trips. Table 26 shows wages for laborers with board for every year from 1780-1937; the, In the 1920s, people could sell their blood to hospitals for$35-50 perquart. Source: page 13 in. This table covers pages 357-360 in this source. View object record Steam whistle With industrialization, workers lost control of when to start, eat, and end their day. View object record Miner's hat, about 1930 $20.00 per week. The average hourly pay for a Coal Mine Worker is $21.49. Aboveground, many miners suffered at the hands of the company men who short-weighed tonnage a man had loaded or docked his pay because slate was found mixed in with the coal. Copy. Source: Shows the weekly wages of various occupations in Vienna. Miscellaneous: During the early 1900s, roof falls in the bituminous coal mines killed an average of 886 workers every year, as compared with the 274 deaths per year caused by explosions and fires. A strong, skilled coal loader might fill five or more cars in a day. There was little prospect then that coal would be in demand as it is today or that the daily wage of miners would be multiplied 8 to 10 times by 1974. Shows the weekly earnings for 9 occupations in Amsterdam, Haarlem, the Hague, and Rotterdam. Data gathered by the National Industrial Conference Board using foreign government sources. Nothing was the answer, nothing but the miserable life he and his family endured living inrented shanties hard on the railroad tracks. Shows salaries at the state, county and city levels. Source: BLS, Shows the retail price of various foodstuffs and other items in Prague following Czechoslovakian independence. 45-57. From the Newcomb-Endicott store, Detroit, Michigan. After the top fell, they returned to break and load the fallen coal before another layer of the top came crashing down with a tremendous roar. Click "more" for direct links to wages in each occupation. Use the following hyperlinks to see values for AL, AZ, AR, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, ID, IL, IN IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV, WI, WY. Stealing another mans coal was considered a terrible crime. A thief could commit this offense easily, simply by removing one miners brass check from his coal car and replacing it with his own; but the miners often detected this kind of trickery and banded together to demand the thiefs termination. Table shows average cost to rent houses by the number of rooms in each of 25 New Zealand cities and towns. Inside workers are further classified as (1) miners and laborers who cut and load coal onto conveyors or into mine cars, and (2) all other employees whose occupations relate to transportation, timbering, pumping, ventilation, and other general underground work. Tells cost of public transportation and railway fares as well. Chart shows median wages of women employed in Philadelphia households as chambermaids, cleaners, cooks, waitresses, laundress, seamstress, and children's nurses (nannies.) Rompers, night gowns, baby shoes, accessories (diapers, baby bottles, etc. Also shows rowboat and pack horse rental rates, cost for guided tours, and transportation fares. Source: American Druggist, January 1923 issue. At suppertime, youngsters like Frank would sit with the men on a pile of slate and listen as veterans of the mine would sing songs, spin yarns, and tell jokes; they would rib the boys, trick them for laughs, and tell them tall tales of the devilish apparitions that appeared to them down in the hole. Source: Monthly price list for Ralph's Grocery Company, which sold only in the Los Angeles area.